On every Shabbat and holiday morning a portion of the torah is read, when this takes place the following transpires:
Everyone stands up and the Torah is taken out of the ark and paraded around the room to give the congregation an opportunity to kiss it. It is then placed on the Shulchan. The Rabbi will then present a brief introduction to each Torah portion before it is read.
Following the reading of the torah, the congregation rises for Hagbaah – the lifting of the torah, and the Haftorah – a section from the Prophets is then read.
After the reading of the Haftorah the Mussaf prayer – the “additional” prayer begins, sometimes preceded by some words or a sermon by the Rabbi.
It's Kiddush Time:
You finally made it. It's Kiddush time, that's the time we make a special Shabbat or Holiday blessing over a cup of wine. We then eat, schmooze, relax and say L'chaim all in celebration of the Shabbat or Holiday. It is also a time to meet new friends and be part of the community.
It is customary to wish someone well when you greet him/her at any time of year.
On Shabbat, we say "Good Shabbos" or "Shabbat Shalom".
On Rosh Hashanah, we say "Shanah Tovah" or Happy New Year or "Ketivah Vechatimah Tova - Shanah Tovah Umetukah" - may you be inscribed for a good sweet new year. And so may it be for us all, indeed.
On Yom Kippur, we say "Shanah Tovah Tikatev Vatichatem" - may you be inscribed and sealed for a happy and sweet new year.